What does research and guidance tell us about responding to Covid-19?

5 min read
What does research and guidance tell us about responding to Covid-19?

The advice on this website is informed by research and evidence-based practice in the fields of individual and organisational resilience and responding to major incidents.

There are consistent themes and messages about the need for:

  1. Good, clear, timely, communication and training
  2. Fostering team spirit and cohesion
  3. Promoting wellbeing through flexible, responsive resourcing
  4. High quality psychological and wellbeing services for staff

Ref: The King’s Fund COVID Trauma Response Group – guidance for planning early interventions 

The following research papers are either directly related to the mental health response in COVID-19, or are related as they are findings from the SARS epidemic. We have grouped these papers into themes, so they are easily accessible.

We’ll update it as we find more, so please share any others that you have found helpful. Thank you.

 

International Guidelines on Covid-19 

NES Psychological First Aid and Debriefing – COVID-19_v2

IASC 2020 Addressing mental health and psychosocial aspects of COVID19

WHO Mental health & psychosocial considerations during COVID19 outbreak February 2020

WHO Mental health considerations during COVID19 outbreak March 2020

 

Immediate guidance targeted at management/planners 

NES Psychological First Aid and Debriefing – COVID-19

COVID Trauma Response Working Group – Rapid Guidance 2020

COVID Trauma Response Working Group – COVID-19 Mental Health Screen-and-Treat Guidance

BPS Psychological needs of healthcare staff

Optimising staff preparedness, wellbeing and functioning during the COVID-19 pandemic (Kings College London)

RCP Going for Growth: An Outline Staff Recovery Plan post-COVID19

CSTS 2020 Sustaining the wellbeing of healthcare personnel during coronavirus

 

Studies reviewing the evidence and making subsequent recommendations for management/planners 

Brooks et al (2018). A Systematic, thematic review of social and occupational factors associated with psychological outcomes in healthcare employees during an infectious disease outbreak

Brooks et al (2019). Traumatic stress within disaster-exposed populations

Greenberg et al (2020). Managing the mental health challenges faced by health care workers during the covid-19 pandemic

Maunder et al (2008). Applying the Lessons of SARS to Pandemic Influenza

Walton et al (2020). Mental health care for medical staff and affiliated health care workers during COVID pandemic

Billings et al (2020). Healthcare workers’ experiences of working on the frontline and views about support during COVID-19 and comparable pandemics: A rapid review and meta-synthesis

 

International literature on mental Health and Covid-19 

Hao et al (2020). Do psychiatric patients experience more psychiatric symptoms during CV19 pandemic and lockdown? 

Lai et al (2020). Factors associated with mental health outcome among health workers exposed to coronavirus 2019

Chen et al (2020). Mental health care for medical staff in China during COVID19 outbreak

Billings et al (2020). Healthcare workers’ experiences of working on the frontline and views about support during COVID-19 and comparable pandemics: A rapid review and meta-synthesis

Javakhishvili et al (2020). Trauma informed responses in addressing public mental health consequences of the COVID 19 pandemic: Position paper of the European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies

Mosheva et al (2020). Anxiety, pandemic-related stress and resilience among physicians during the COVID-19 pandemic

Taylor et al (2020). COVID stress syndrome: Concept, structure and correlates

Taylor et al (2020). Life in a post-pandemic world: What to expect of anxiety-related conditions and their treatment

Karatzias et al (2020). Posttraumatic stress symptoms and associated comorbidity during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ireland: A population-based study

 

International literature on Mental Health and SARS 

Wu et al (2009). The Psychological Impact of the SARS Epidemic on Hospital Employees in China- Exposure, Risk Perception, and Altruistic Acceptance of Risk

McAlonan et al (2007) Immediate and Sustained Psychological Impact of an Emerging Infectious Disease Outbreak on Health Care Workers

Marjanovic et al (2007). The relevance of psychosocial variables and working conditions in predicting nurses coping strategies

Wong et al (2007). How to provide an effective primary health care in fighting against severe acute respiratory syndrome- the experiences of two cities

Maunder et al (2006). Long-term psychological and occupational effects of providing hospital healthcare during SARS outbreak

Chen et al (2005). Psychological Distress of Nurses in Taiwan Who Worked During the Outbreak of SARS 

Chong et al (2004). Psychological impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome on health workers in a tertiary hospital

Nickell et al (2004). Psychosocial effects of SARS on hospital staff survey of a large tertiary care institution 

 

Moral Injury 

Dean et al (2019). Reframing clinician distress moral injury not burnout

 

The Psychological Impact of Quarantine 

Brooks et al (2020). Psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it rapid review of the evidence

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